The Liverpool housing market has gone through a sea change in the past decades with the Buy-to-Let (B-T-L) sector evolving as a key trend, for both Liverpool tenants and Liverpool landlords.
A few weeks ago, the Government released a White Paper on housing. I have had a chance now to digest the report and wish to offer my thoughts on the topic. It was interesting that the private rental sector played a major part in the future plans for housing. This is especially important for the people of Liverpool.
In 1981, the population of Liverpool stood at 517,000
and today it stands at 478,600.
It appears the population has dropped – so one might ask if more housing is required? Well the population of Liverpool dropped in the 1980’s and 1990’s (bucking the national trend), dropping to its lowest point in 2001, when it reached 449,100 people. However, it’s been all growth ever since!
Currently, the private rented (B-T-L) sector accounts for 21.2% of households in the city. The Government want to assist people living in the houses and help the economy by encouraging the provision of quality homes, in a housing sector that has grown due to worldwide economic forces, pushing home ownership out of the reach of more and more people. Interestingly, when we look at the 1981 figures for homeownership, a different story is told.
40.59% Liverpool people owned their own home in 1981
45.01% Liverpool people rented from the Council or Housing Association in 1981
and 14.41% Liverpool rented from a Private Landlord
The significance of a suitable housing policy is vital to ensure suitable economic activity and create a vibrant place people want to live in. With the population of Liverpool set to grow to 524,000 by 2037 – it is imperative that Liverpool City Council and Central Government all work actively together to ensure the residential property market doesn’t hold the area back, by encouraging the building and provision of quality homes for its inhabitants.
One idea the Government has proclaimed is a variety of measures aimed at encouraging the Build-to-Rent (B-T-R) sector (instead of the B-T-L sector). These include allowing local authorities to proactively plan for B-T-R schemes, and making it simpler for B-T-R developers to offer inexpensive private rented homes.
To do this, the government will invent a distinct affordable housing class for B-T-R, called ‘Affordable Private Rent’, which will oblige new homes builders to provide at least 1 in 5 of a new home developments at a 20% discount on open-market rents and three year tenancies for tenants. In return, the new homebuilders will get better planning assurances.
Private landlords will not be expected to offer discounts, nor offer 3-year tenancies – but it is something Liverpool landlords need to be aware of as there will be greater competition for tenants.
Over the last ten years, home ownership has not been a primary goal for young adults as the world has changed. These youngsters expect ‘on demand’ services from click and collect, Amazon, Dating Apps and TV with the likes of Netflix. Many Liverpool youngsters see that renting more than meets their accommodation needs, as it combines the freedom from a lifetime of property maintenance and financial obligations, making it an attractive lifestyle option.
Private rented housing in Liverpool, be it B-T-L or B-T-R, has the prospective to play a very positive role.